In Estate of Virginia V. Kite et al. v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo. 2013-43, the court confronted the sale of a partnership (“KIC”) in 2001 by Mrs. Kite to her children, in exchange for a private annuity that would begin in 10 years. Mrs. Kite was then 74 and had a greater than 50% chance of living for more than 18 months and in fact she had a 12.5 year life expectancy. However, Mrs. Kite died in 2004. The Court upheld the transaction as being bona fide for full and adequate consideration, stating as follows:
Before participating in the annuity transaction, Baldwin [another limited partnership], which was wholly owned by the Kite children or their trusts, contributed approximately $13.6 million of assets to KIC. As a result, the Kite children did not need to rely on the assets already held by KIC to make the annuity payments. In addition, the Kite children did not transfer the assets underlying the KIC interests back to Mrs. Kite after the annuity transaction was completed. In fact, they did not make any distributions from KIC, but allowed the KIC assets to accumulate in order to have income available when the annuity payments became due. The Kite children therefore expected to make payments under the annuity agreements and were prepared to do so.
Mrs. Kite also demonstrated an expectation that she would receive payments. Mrs. Kite actively participated in her finances and over the course of her life demonstrated an immense business acumen. Accordingly, it is unlikely that Mrs. Kite would have entered into the annuity agreements unless they were enforceable and, more importantly, she could profit from them. In addition, Mrs. Kite, unlike the surviving spouse in Estate of Hurford, was not diagnosed with cancer or other terminal or incurable illness. In fact, the record, which includes a letter from Mrs. Kite’s physician, establishes to the contrary — that Mrs. Kite was not terminally ill and she did not have an incurable illness or other deteriorating physical condition. Mrs. Kite and her children reasonably expected that she would live through the life expectancy determined by IRS actuarial tables, which was 12.5 years after the annuity transaction. Indeed, if Mrs. Kite lived to her life expectancy as determined by IRS actuarial tables, she would have received approximately $800,000 more in annuity payments than the value of her KIC interests. At a minimum, Mrs. Kite would have made a profit with the potential of a greater return if she lived longer. Continue reading